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By National Academies Press

All U.S. companies with counterterrorism courses that acquire or 'mine' own info - reminiscent of telephone documents or sites visited - will be required to guage the courses' effectiveness, lawfulness, and affects on privateness. A framework is accessible that organisations can use to judge such information-based courses, either labeled and unclassified. The e-book urges Congress to re-evaluate present privateness legislations to evaluate how privateness could be secure in present and destiny courses and recommends that any members harmed by way of violations of privateness receive a significant kind of redress. particular applied sciences are tested - information mining and behavioral surveillance. relating to facts mining, the booklet concludes that even though those equipment were worthwhile within the deepest area for recognizing patron fraud, they're much less worthwhile for counterterrorism simply because so little is understood approximately what styles point out terrorist activity.Regarding behavioral surveillance in a counterterrorist context, the ebook concludes that even if study and improvement on definite elements of this subject are warranted, there is not any clinical consensus on even if those recommendations are prepared for operational use in any respect in counterterrorism.

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Pattern-based data mining is most likely to be useful when training sets are available; there are supplementary tasks for which data mining tools might be helpful that do not require a training set. At the same time, the utility of pattern-based data mining, without a training set, to identify patterns indicative of individuals and events worth additional investigation, is very unclear. Although there is no a priori argument that categorically eliminates pattern-based data mining as useful tools for counterterrorism applications, considerable basic research will be necessary to develop operational systems that help to provide a prioritization of cases for experts to examine in more depth.

Information is used or analyzed, often using query languages, business intelligence tools, or analytical techniques, such as data mining. Analysis may require access to multiple data repositories, possibly distributed across the Internet. • Dissemination and sharing. Results of information analysis and processing are published or shared with the intended customer or user community (which may consist of other analysts). Disseminated information may or may not be in a format compatible with users’ applications.

26 PROTECTING INDIVIDUAL PRIVACY IN THE STRUGGLE AGAINST TERRORISTS in the likelihood of the behavior, intent, or attitude of interest and are far from an absolute certainty. • Errors. , a person lying is thought to be telling the truth). Such errors are linked to the probabilistic nature of behavioral signals and a lack of knowledge today about how to interpret such signals. Privacy issues associated with behavioral surveillance are regarded by the committee to be far more significant and far-ranging than those associated with the collection and use of electronic databases, in part because of their potential for abuse, in part because of what they may later reveal about an individual that is potentially unconnected to terrorist activities, in part because of a sense that the intrusion is greater if mental state is being probed, in part because people expect to be allowed to keep their thoughts to themselves, and in part because there is often much more ambiguity regarding interpretation of the results.

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