By Frans A J Haas
This learn presents the 1st complete dialogue of Philoponus' excursus on subject in contra Proclum XI. 1-8 which units out the leading edge definition of best topic as 3-dimensional extension.
The writer argues that Philoponus' definition was once inspired basically via philosophical difficulties in Neoplatonism. Philoponus employs the reason of development, the translation of Aristotle's class thought and the notions of formlessness and potentiality to verify his definition. To finish, the ebook bargains an overview of the importance of Philoponus' innovation.
It is validated for the 1st time that Plotinus' view of topic exerted substantial impact on either Philoponus and Simplicius. furthermore, the constitution of Syrianus' and Proclus' metaphysics ready the way in which for Philoponus' account of leading topic.
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Additional resources for John Philoponus’ New Definition of Prime Matter: Aspects of Its Background in Neoplatonism and the Ancient Commentary Tradition
In Phaed. l Westerink, Procl. in Eucl. 13, Simp!. in Cat. 10. I owe the flrst three references to Richard Sorabji. For a general introduction to the topic, see Lloyd (1956) 59-64, Benakis ( 1982 ). 20-21; XI.? 19; there are 32 occurrences in the whole of Contra Proclum. For the relation between these 'completers' and differentiae, see further Ch. 4, p. 198fT. 83 For which see Sorabji MSM Ch. 4; Lloyd (1990) 45-46 rectifies earlier statements of his in Lloyd (1956) 158 and emphasizes that in the commentaries on Porphyry's lsagoge the term &apotcr~a is used to denote the particular as such.
4. 2. Proclus' correction of Porphyry's account to this effect in in Tim. 122, with Baltes I 154-157, II 94; cf. in Tim. 12 (for an interpretation of this text differing from Festugiere II 252 n. 1, I. Hadot  82 n. 20, and Baltes II 83 n. 268 + 89-90, see Ch. 2, p. 96 with Tl8). However, from in Tim. 13-18 one might gather that Porphyry's presentation is also correct, inasmuch as the Demiurge does create unity and form-albeit in virtue of the power of higher causes inherent in himself. Cf.
198fT. 83 For which see Sorabji MSM Ch. 4; Lloyd (1990) 45-46 rectifies earlier statements of his in Lloyd (1956) 158 and emphasizes that in the commentaries on Porphyry's lsagoge the term &apotcr~a is used to denote the particular as such. 84 From an Aristotelian point of view one would expect that a genus is not abolished by the abolition of one of its species, provided there are others. illtimately, of PROCLUS AND PHILOPONUS 25 We shall see further belows that Philoponus employed these Neoplatonic distinctions to define his own notion of body as prime matter, and to restore to the concept of matter some of its Aristotelian significance.