Download Devil's Game: How the United States Helped Unleash by Robert Dreyfuss PDF

By Robert Dreyfuss


The first entire account of America's most
dangerous overseas coverage miscalculation: sixty years of help for Islamic fundamentalism

Devil's online game is the gripping tale of America's erroneous efforts, stretching throughout many years, to dominate the strategically very important heart East by means of dating and cultivating Islamic fundamentalism. between the entire books approximately Islam, this is often the 1st complete inquiry into the touchiest factor: How and why did the U.S. motivate and finance the unfold of radical political Islam?

Backed via large archival examine and interviews with dozens of coverage makers and CIA, Pentagon, and overseas carrier officers, Robert Dreyfuss argues that this principally hidden courting is enormously responsible for the worldwide explosion of terrorism. He follows the path of yankee collusion from aid for the Muslim Brotherhood in Nineteen Fifties Egypt to hyperlinks with Khomeini and Afghani jihadists to cooperation with Hamas and Saudi Wahhabism. Dreyfuss additionally uncovers long-standing ties among radical Islamists and the major banks of the West. the result's as tragic because it is paradoxical: initially deployed as pawns to foil nationalism and communism, extremist mullahs and ayatollahs now dominate the sector, thundering opposed to freedom of idea, technological know-how, women's rights, secularism--and their former client.

Wide-ranging and deeply expert, Devil's video game finds a historical past of double-dealing, cynical exploitation, and humiliating embarrassment. What emerges is a trend that, faraway from furthering democracy or safety, guarantees a way forward for errors and blowback.

Editorial Reviews:

Publishers Weekly -
One of the CIA's first nice moments of institutional mirrored image happened in 1953, after American covert operatives helped overthrow Iran's left-leaning govt and restored the Shah to energy. The corporation, then in basic terms six years previous, had funded ayatollahs, mobilized the spiritual correct and engineered a cosmopolitan propaganda crusade to effectively additional its goals, and it desired to know the way it might probably reapply such tradecraft in different places, so it commissioned an inner record. part a century later, the main prescient line from that record is one in every of warning, no longer optimism. "Possibilities of blowback opposed to the USA must always be behind the minds of all CIA officers," the record warned. when you consider that this primary identified use of the time period "blowback," numerous reporters and students have chronicled the best blowback of all: how the incredible amounts of reduction that the US supplied to anti-Marxist Islamic extremists throughout the chilly warfare inadvertently located these exact same extremists to develop into America's subsequent nice enemy. (Indeed, Iran's spiritual leaders have been one of the first to show opposed to the United States.) Dreyfuss's quantity reaches farther and deeper into the topic than so much. He convincingly situates America's try to construct an Islamic bulwark opposed to Soviet growth into Britain's heritage of imperialism within the sector. And the place different authors limit their concentration to the Afghan mujahideen, Dreyfuss information a background of yank support-sometimes carried out with startling blindness, occasionally, tacitly via proxies-for Islamic radicals in Egypt, Israel, Saudi Arabia and Syria. every now and then, the help happened overtly in the course of the American deepest area, as Dreyfuss describes in a desirable digression on Islamic banking. yet eventually, too few govt officers have been taking note of the expansion and risks of political Islam. A CIA officer summarizes Dreyfuss's case while he says, "We observed all of it in a temporary perspective"-the long term effects are what we're dealing with now.

Foreign Affairs -
The usa, Dreyfuss argues, has supported radical Islamic activism over the last six a long time, "sometimes openly, occasionally covertly," and is hence "partly guilty for the emergence of Islamic terrorism as a world-wide phenomenon." To flesh out this interpretation, he writes of U.S. aid for the Muslim Brotherhood opposed to Gamal Abdel Nasser in Egypt, the U.S. function in lining up spiritual radicals within the coup ousting best Minister Muhammad Mosaddeq in Iran, the decades-long ties among Washington and the home of Saud, the U.S. backing of the mujahideen in Afghanistan, or even the Reagan administration's tentative ties with Ayatollah Khomeini's Islamic Republic, illuminated by means of the Iran-contra affair. (Dreyfuss even criticizes the Bush management for operating with Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani in post-Saddam Iraq.) The circumstances pointed out during this very varied tackle U.S. international relations within the heart East because the Forties look, notwithstanding, a little askew whilst set in a broader context. the U.S. has usually supported these against the Islamists (such as Hosni Mubarak and Saddam Hussein) and has taken forceful positions in lots of different circumstances during which Islam or Islamism was once no longer a significant component. The Islamic Revolution in Iran is better defined via U.S. ties to the shah's regime. Dreyfuss might have a extra cogent case if he had easily faulted U.S. international relations for its excessively intrusive, regime-changing method of the center East. mockingly, that's the thrust of his comments on pages 15-17 of the introduction.

Library magazine -
During the chilly conflict the international coverage pros within the usa have been involved essentially with fighting the unfold of communism. They considered all teams calling themselves nationalists as most probably applicants to espouse communism quickly. within the center East, competition to such nationalist teams led the U.S. to help conservative, fundamentalist Islamic teams, akin to those that fought the Soviets in locations similar to Afghanistan. in line with journalist and media commentator Dreyfuss (The Hostage to Khomeini), that U.S. help resulted in the improvement of al Qaeda and others that now dominate the inside track. Few policymakers feared that fundamentalists might turn into a possibility, and people who did voice this sort of worry have been completely neglected. Dreyfess's thorough learn at the topic comprises vast interviews with former officers in addition to the learn of released works. the result's a gorgeous precis of ignored possibilities and signs neglected. whereas Stephen Coll's Ghost Wars is in a similar way thorough yet focuses purely on Afghanistan, this one levels extra greatly around the center East. hugely recommended.-Marcia L. Sprules, Council on overseas kinfolk Lib.

Kirkus stories -
The usa govt underwrote the increase of radical Islam, argues a widespread contributor to The state and the yank Prospect. Any American who watches the scoop understands the photo of a more youthful Donald Rumsfeld taking a look chummy with Saddam Hussein. omit that photograph, Dreyfuss tells us. The extra vital picture indicates President Eisenhower having a look chummy with stated Ramadan, bigwig within the Muslim Brotherhood. (If you've by no means heard of the Muslim Brotherhood, a militant workforce that between different issues morphed into Hamas, the entire extra cause to learn this book.) That picture, states the writer, indicates in miniature the historical past of yank heart East international coverage because WWII. concerned with restricting the unfold of communism and arresting the advance of leftist Arab nationalist political events, the U.S. has again and again allied with and supported radical Islamic teams in the course of the heart East. The CIA, after all, subsidized the 1953 coup in Iran and financed an ayatollah who had based an intensive pan-Islamic political crew; American taxpayers funded an Israeli govt that funneled funds to fanatical Islamic Palestinian activists who, the Israeli executive believed, might eventually weaken the secular PLO; and so on. The U.S. didn't dream up this approach, really. The British did an analogous factor, partnering within the late-19th century with the great-granddaddy of ideological Islamism, Jamal Eddine al-Afghani. Dreyfuss insists that today's geopolitics isn't the inevitable results of a "clash of civilizations," yet not less than partially the fruit of shortsighted, ill-conceived U.S. overseas coverage. His account isn't a disinterested background, yet fairly astinging indictment of the Bush management for, between different issues, replicating an analogous approach in Iraq: toppling a decidedly secular regime and inspiring Islamists to snatch energy (to wit, the administration's alliance with Ali al-Sisatani). A priceless addition to Metropolitan's American Empire undertaking: a devastating account that policymakers-not to say American citizens-ignore at their peril.

From the writer -
“Eye-opening, unique, and important.”—Chalmers Johnson, writer of The Sorrows of Empire

“Crisp, vigorous . . . offers a concise and readable account of the evolution of America’s partnerships with radical Islamic teams and regimes.”—The American Conservative

Meet the Author:

Based in Washington, D.C., Robert Dreyfuss has written greatly on Iraq, the conflict on terrorism, and nationwide defense for The state, the yankee Prospect, and Rolling Stone, and is a common commentator on NPR, MSNBC, and CNBC.

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Additional resources for Devil's Game: How the United States Helped Unleash Fundamentalist Islam

Example text

Targets. Information on targets can be subdivided into two categories. The first concerns the types of targets that are being attacked, not only involving American targets, but anywhere around the world. Whether target identification information is being gathered on behalf of a municipality, quasipublic corporation, or a private company, the data are simply an enumeration of assets, including human resources, buildings and real estate, inventory, other physical assets, financial assets, and intangibles such as good will, name recognition, and publicity value.

Finally, a full-scale crisis simulation can be conducted. ©2002 CRC Press LLC Once the simulation has been conducted and evaluated, regular testing of plan components should be scheduled, at least as regularly as fire drills. A full-scale mock crisis drill should be conducted annually, at the minimum, unless local conditions dictate greater frequency. Perhaps the biggest deficiency in terrorist defense planning and crisis management comes in the area of replacing and training personnel. When a plan is adopted initially, there usually are sufficient enthusiasm and commitment to assure well-trained teams.

As a practical matter, more wardens will probably be needed for an evacuation team than, say, a search team, since every staircase and exit must be covered during an evacuation. Evacuation personnel will report to the same location each and every drill, or in the event of an actual emergency, so employees who are on the premises every day, all day, are preferred. Training Training in terrorist defense plan responsibilities must be addressed to all participants at all levels of involvement, since these people are members of a coordinated unit in which teamwork is required.

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