By Institute of Linguistics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences
Modern chinese language Dictionary aiming at widening mandarin and standardize chinese language, edited according to the calls for of the country Council, is a permanent normal dictionary. this can be a expert and authoritative establishment, Institute of Philology of chinese language Academy of Social technology.
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Extra resources for Contemporary Chinese Dictionary (5th Edition)
As previously mentioned the dual track system was a distinctive element of the Chinese reform process. This referred to the coexistence of a traditional plan and a market channel for the allocation of a given good. Rather than initially 8 Charles Harvie dismantling the plan, reformers continued with a role for the plan to ensure stability and guarantee the attainment of some key government priorities (such as investment in energy and infrastructure). The dual track implies the existence of a two-tier pricing system for goods under that system: a single commodity will have both a (typically low) stateset planned price and a (typically high) market price.
Encouragement was also given to enterprises to borrow from the banking system for their investment requirements rather than depending upon funds through the state budget. This period also witnessed the growth in significance of other types of enterprises, most notably that of TVEs. In the financial sector the monobank system was dismantled and the Economic Reforms 11 People's Bank was established as the central bank. In the fiscal area reforms in 1984 allowed enterprises to retain a larger share of profits, and an enterprise tax system was introduced to replace profit transfers to the budget.
Rather than initially 8 Charles Harvie dismantling the plan, reformers continued with a role for the plan to ensure stability and guarantee the attainment of some key government priorities (such as investment in energy and infrastructure). The dual track implies the existence of a two-tier pricing system for goods under that system: a single commodity will have both a (typically low) stateset planned price and a (typically high) market price. By the mid-1980s, most state-owned firms were still being assigned a compulsory plan for output, but had additional capacity for production of above-plan market goods.