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By Thomas Max Safley

A significant other quantity to Charity and economic system within the Orphanages of Early sleek Augsburg, this e-book takes up the employer and individuality of the laboring terrible and their youngsters. It examines the commercial lives of negative, distressed, or truncated households at the foundation of 5,734 biographical descriptions of kids who gone through town, Catholic, and Lutheran orphanages of Augsburg among 1572 and 1806. Studied at the side of administrative, legal, and monetary documents of varied varieties, those “Orphan Books” display the laboring bad as versatile and adaptive. Their fates have been made up our minds neither through the poverty they suffered nor the charity they obtained. really, they replied to altering monetary and social stipulations through the use of Augsburg’s orphanages to increase their assets, deal with their young ones, and create possibilities. The findings will curiosity historians of poverty, charity, hard work, and the Reformation.

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Additional info for Children of the Laboring Poor (Studies in Central European Histories) (Studies in Central European Histories)

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Almosenamt. Waisenhäuser 10. Ain ungeferlicher Uberschlag was ain Waisenhaus darinnen 200 Kinder erhalten mochten werden jerlich kosten möcht, 1572. introduction 23 these necessities by dedicating certain taxes and duties to the support of the orphanage and by increasing the subsidies provided by the Alms Office. 58 Even the orphans contributed: the use of such property and earnings as they had was placed at the disposal of the orphanage. And, of course, the authorities limited admission only to those children who were truly deserving, truly orphans.

68 It seeks to trace the interplay of domestic ideology, social discipline, individual initiatives and personal fates as they shaped early modern society. Numbers alone cannot achieve this goal. The appeal to statistics, whether in history or in social science, contains an assumption of natural law, that is, an assumption that immutable forces shape human behaviors, conditions and organizations. Precisely because these forces are understood to be universal and unchanging, their consequences are regular and predictable.

Finally, it seeks to take adequate account of Hans Gsell and others: their courage and cowardice; their defiance and resignation; their successes and failures; their confidence and despair. 1 Theirs had been a troubled childhood. Their father Caspar Schalk, a fruiterer (Obstler), had been beheaded in 1674, and their mother Regina Scheibenstein had “behaved badly and moved away” (sich nicht wol verhält und darvon gezogen) sometime thereafter. Though family and household had ceased to exist, the sisters had not been entirely bereft of care and support.

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