Download Changing Images of the Left in Bulgaria: The Challenge of by Boris Popivanov, Andreas Umland PDF

By Boris Popivanov, Andreas Umland

"Is Bulgaria's Left heading in the direction of decomposition or to a brand new id? Popivanov deals a very good analytical answer."?Georgi Karasimeonov, Professor of Political technological know-how at Sofia collage

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Many authors studying the post-communist left do not fail to express the surprise that this did not transpire. I will provide some quotations by way of illustration. Thus, Bozoki and Ishiyama comment that: "Contrary to early expectations that the organizational successors to the communist parties would disappear into the ash can of political history, the successor parties have proven quite durable" (2002: 3). Similarly, Curry and Urban note that: "The year 1989 seemed to be the end in Eastern Europe not only for communist rule but for any political party ever associated with Marxism-Leninism" (2003: 1).

Of course, there are probably some errors in this book. There might be some unjustified digressions, arguments showing some degree of partiality, or imprecise formulations. The liability for them remains entirely mine. 1 The Post-Communist Left in Central and Eastern Europe The question regarding the new dimensions of the political left in Bulgaria is firmly situated within the more general discussion about the development of the political process in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) and the post-Soviet space after the democratic changes in the late 1980s and early 1990s.

The development of social structures was subordinated to the then ruling interpretations of so-called Marxism-Leninism, which in effect modelled all spheres of public life. Those key characteristics of the Eastern Bloc disappeared in the course of its dissolution during the tumultuous times of 1989–1991. The reason for their rejection and dismantling was the decision of the separate CEE countries to undergo a geopolitical transformation (by leaving the Warsaw Pact and Comecon and terminating their special relationship with the USSR) and to start a transition to political democracy and market economy, generally following the models established in Western Europe after World War II.

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