By Gervasio S. Carvalho, Michael D. Webb
South the United States tactics a incredible variety of insect species. while most folk are accustomed to its butterflies few realize that there's a workforce of both vibrant and engaging bugs. those are in most cases known as both Spittle insects, as a result of watery excreta produced by means of the younger or Frog-hoppers, the latter pertaining to their nice skill to leap. In South the US, also they are recognized for the intense harm they reason to pasture grasses and sugar-cane. This e-book offers the 1st complete and fantastically illustrated advisor to this relations of jewel-like bugs. approximately each species is integrated in extraordinary color including line drawings to help id. beautiful photos also are given of the bugs within the wild. This booklet is geared toward museum curators, researchers, agronomists and novice hobbyist and it was hoping that it'll stimulate additional paintings in this attention-grabbing and richly vibrant team of bugs. The textual content encompasses a whole record of species with complete synonomies and chapters on category, replica and biology. Gervasio Silva Carvalho is Professor within the Pontificia Universidade Catolica do Rio Grande do Sul - Porto Alegre, Brazil. He has released nearly 27 papers on morphology, systematics, ecology, and biogeography of bugs. His curiosity in Neotropical Auchenorrhyncha (particularly Cercopidae) all started together with his Masters measure (1979-1981) and persevered together with his PhD thesis got in 1992 lower than Professor Albino Morimasa Sakakibara. Mick Webb is Curator of Hemiptera on the ordinary background Museum, London. On becoming a member of the museum in 1966 he labored below Dr. invoice Knight from whom he built his curiosity in Auchenorrhyncha. The museums wealthy collections from during the international has enabled Mick to put up largely on tropical cicadellids (his major curiosity) whereas his touch with scientists from in the course of the international, either on the BM and through reputable visits out of the country, has led to many worthwhile collaborative initiatives.
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Additional resources for Cercopid Spittle Bugs of the New World: Hemiptera, Auchenorrhyncha, Cercopidae (Pensoft Series Faunistica)
The putative type of C. marginata (HMAG) matches the original description (see Appendix 3) and it is unclear why Stål (usually an accurate worker) placed it in the cicadellid genus Gypona Germar, together with several other Fabricius South American Cercopis species, that he correctly placed in Gypona. The most probable reason is that he never examined the specimen; there is no evidence that it was ever borrowed in the past by any hemipterist and was unplaced to genus by DeLong & Freytag (1964: 79) in their treatment of Gypona.
44 ( H E M I P T E R A , A U C H E N O R R H Y N C H A , C E R C O P I D A E ) have an uncertain history making it very difficult to know what are types (see also discussion under C. cruentata Fabricius ‘Fabricius types’). In this case with such a common species, described in 1758, there seems little doubt that the type series (even if extant) could not be recognised if not in Linnaeus’s collection. Stål types Stål referred to the type material of his new species being deposited in his own collection and ‘Mus.
For stability we follow this usage here as hafniensis does appear, albeit as a junior synonym, in the ‘European’ literature. Some further confusion has arisen regarding the identity of the cercopid, C. marginata. Although Signoret (1853) correctly identified it as a senior synonym of the cercopid Sphenorhina rufivaria Walker, this action was not followed by Stål (1870) and subsequent authors who identified it as a cicadellid (see Metcalf, 1961 and footnote*). The putative type of C. marginata (HMAG) matches the original description (see Appendix 3) and it is unclear why Stål (usually an accurate worker) placed it in the cicadellid genus Gypona Germar, together with several other Fabricius South American Cercopis species, that he correctly placed in Gypona.