By Kyle K Seo
This booklet, containing greater than four hundred photographs and illustrations, presents sensible instructions for the beauty use of botulinum toxin variety A (BTA) in Asians. the variations in BTA remedy of Asians and Caucasians with recognize to acceptable dose, injection tools, anatomic value, and symptoms are basically defined. it's defined how the optimum dose and injection websites for the therapy of wrinkles range from the tips endorsed in North the USA and Europe. targeted attention is given to the swiftly increasing function that BTA remedy is enjoying in facial and physique contouring in accordance with leveraging the mechanism of disuse muscle atrophy. Examples which are relatively correct in Asians comprise therapy of hypertrophy of the masseter and temporalis muscle mass and calf muscle aid. extra chapters are dedicated to using BTA within the remedy of hyperhidrosis and the intradermal injection of BTA. The publication should be a good source for all dermatologists, plastic surgeons, beauty Physicians, and different clinicians who hire BTA in Asian sufferers.
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Additional info for Botulinum Toxin for Asians
I personally have observed five patients from my clinic who developed immunoresistance to treatment following repeated injections of BoNT-A for cosmetic purposes. But if patients referred to me from other physicians are included, the total number of cases with clinical nonresponse to BoNT who I have ever seen would be more than 20. The immunoresistance cases, if any,usually occurred at least after 3–4 sessions of the BoNT-A for cosmetic purposes. Immunologic predisposition to botulinum neurotoxin of individuals seems to be thought to play an important role in formation of neutralizing antibodies.
1 Introduction 31 Fig. 1 Effective (O) and noneffective (X) wrinkles with botulinum toxin treatment treated by BoNT-A injections into the infraorbital area. I also experienced a major headache when I found that BoNT-A injection into the infraorbital area was not effective for effacing infraorbital horizontal lines after a total of three to four sessions at 1-week intervals. BoNT-A injections are not generally advised for the treatment of dynamic wrinkles of the nasolabial folds, marionette lines, and lines on the zygomatic and cheek areas which can be seen in the smile of George Clooney.
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