By Volker Gűrtler, Robert J. Seviour (auth.), Héctor M. Alvarez (eds.)
Rhodococcus, a metabolically flexible actinobacteria that is usually present in the surroundings, has received expanding curiosity because of its capability biotechnological purposes. This Microbiology Monographs quantity presents an intensive evaluation of a number of the features of the biochemistry, body structure and genetics of the Genus Rhodococcus. Following an outline of its taxonomy, chapters hide the structural points of rhodococcal mobile envelope, genomes and plasmids, metabolic and catabolic pathways, comparable to these of fragrant compounds, steroids and nitriles, and desulfurization pathways, in addition to the adaption to natural solvents. additional studies talk about functions of Rhodococcus within the bioremediation of infected environments, in triacylglycerol accumulation, and in phytopathogenic options, in addition to the potential for biosurfactants. a last bankruptcy describes the only pathogenic Rhodococcus member, R. equi.
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Extra resources for Biology of Rhodococcus
2004). Here we review recent progress in understanding of the composition, architecture and biosynthesis of the mycolate cell envelope, with particular reference to the rhodococci. In particular insights into the biosynthesis of these cell envelope components are now possible using a comparative genomics approach, based on the recently published genome sequence of Rhodococcus jostii RHA1 (McLeod et al. 2006). 2 Cell Envelope Composition in the Genus Rhodococcus: Covalently Associated Components The mycolyl–arabinogalactan–peptidoglycan complex represents the defining covalently interlinked structure of the cell envelope of the mycolata.
30 Cell Envelope Composition in the Genus Rhodococcus: Covalently Associated Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Mycolic Acids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 The Peptidoglycan–Arabinogalactan Complex . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 3 Organisation of the Rhodococcal Cell Envelope . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
These studies have been vital in providing comparative insights into cell envelope biology in the genus Rhodococcus (Sutcliffe 1998; G€ urtler et al. 2004). Here we review recent progress in understanding of the composition, architecture and biosynthesis of the mycolate cell envelope, with particular reference to the rhodococci. In particular insights into the biosynthesis of these cell envelope components are now possible using a comparative genomics approach, based on the recently published genome sequence of Rhodococcus jostii RHA1 (McLeod et al.