By Istvan Deak
Within the final seventy years of its lengthy and unique life, the Habsburg monarchy was once affected by the forces of emerging nationalism. nonetheless, it preserved household peace and supplied the stipulations for social, fiscal, and cultural growth in an unlimited quarter inhabited via 11 significant nationalities and nearly as many confessional teams. This learn investigates the social foundation, schooling, education, code of honor, way of life, and political position of the Habsburg officials. concurrently conservative and liberal, the officer corps, initially composed normally of aristocrats, willingly coopted millions of commoners--among them a rare variety of Jews. Even in the course of international warfare I, the military and its officials continued, surviving the dissolution of the kingdom in October 1918, if merely by way of a couple of days. the tip of the multinational Habsburg military additionally marked the top of confessional and ethnic tolerance in imperative and East vital Europe.
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Extra resources for Beyond Nationalism: A Social and Political History of the Habsburg Officer Corps, 1848-1918
Still, an officer was at all times identified by his regiment or, in the case of the light infantry (Jager) and some technical formations, by his independent battalion. 5 This book will also refer occasionally to army organization and the command structure. Both changed frequently and, after 1868, they became immensely complicated, partly because of the control exercised—via the so-called Delegations—of the Austrian and Hungarian parliaments over the armed forces, and partly because of the creation, in 1868, of the National Guards.
They underlined the Hungarian claim that the two halves of the monarchy were joined by mutual agreement only, and that Hungary was most definitely not part of the Reich, or empire. 24 Beyond Nationalism of Czechoslovakia, Poland, Romania, Yugoslavia, and Italy, all of which house large quantities of material relating to the Habsburg army. At the Paris peace conference following World War I, it was decided that each of the successor states would have the right to cull from the Vienna central archives all documents that referred specifically to its domestic affairs.
In the early days, a regiment was under the authority of its owner or Regimentsinhaber. He decided whom the unit would serve, for how long, and for what pay; he had absolute judicial authority; he named and promoted the officers; he authorized or forbade marriages; he paid the officers and the rank and file; and he was the only source of pensions. The colonel acting as his deputy merely oversaw the everyday operations of the regiment. Introduction 17 All this was to change in the eighteenth century as regiments were gradually subjected to central authority, symbolized by the adding of a number to their name and their adoption of the uniform of their supreme warlord, the emperor.