By Stephen P. Cohen, Sunil Dasgupta
India's starting to be affluence has led specialists to foretell an immense rearmament attempt. The second-most populous state on this planet is starting to wield the commercial energy anticipated of this type of behemoth. Its border with Pakistan is a tinderbox, the subcontinent continues to be susceptible to spiritual extremism, and an army contention among India and China may possibly erupt sooner or later. India has lengthy had the inducement for modernizing its military—it now has the assets besides. What may still we think to work out sooner or later, and what's going to be the most probably ramifications? In Arming with no Aiming, Stephen Cohen and Sunil Dasgupta resolution these the most important questions.
India's defense force wish new guns worthy greater than $100 billion. yet almost all these guns needs to come from overseas providers end result of the mess ups of India's indigenous learn and improvement. guns providers from different international locations are queuing up in New Delhi. a protracted dating among India and Russian brands is going again to the chilly conflict. extra lately, India and Israel have constructed robust army exchange ties. Now, a brand new army dating with the us has generated the best wish for army transformation in India.
Against this backdrop of recent affluence and newfound entry to international army expertise, Cohen and Dasgupta examine India's army modernization to discover haphazard army switch that lacks political course, suffers from balkanization of army association and doctrine, is still constrained via slender potential making plans, and is pushed via the pursuit of know-how unfastened from military-strategic goals. the nature of army swap in India, specifically the disorder within the political-military institution with reference to procurement, is finally the results of a old doctrine of strategic restraint in position considering that Nehru. In that context, its technique of arming with no strategic objective continues to be possible as India seeks great-power lodging of its upward push and doesn't are looking to glance threatening. the chance lies in its modernization efforts precipitating a interval of strategic statement or contributing to misperception of India's intentions by way of Pakistan and China, its such a lot instant rivals.
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Additional resources for Arming Without Aiming: India's Military Modernization
Given that the Congress Party has ruled the country longer than any other political group, it is not surprising that this has been the position of most Indian governments since independence. It is also interesting that the BJP chose to remain within the general parameters of strategic restraint during its time in power. We believe that this state of arming without aiming will continue into the future. While the behavior of individual political leaders may be suboptimal in defense matters, a kind of collective wisdom has been at play over the years and across political boundaries.
A. a. a. a. a. a. a. a. a. a. a. ) Source: Collated from press reporting with assistance from Dhruva Jaishankar. -India Business Alliance and Woolf Gross of Northrup Grumman for verifying and adding to the list. a. = Not available or applicable. indd 22 7/12/10 4:57 PM restraint and affluenceâ•‡ /â•‡ 23 demand cutting-edge conventional weapons. India awarded Russia its two largest post–cold war military contracts: the Sukhoi-30 fighter-bomber and the purchase and retrofit for the aircraft carrier, Admiral Gorshkov.
India produces its own trucks and jeeps, manufacturers its own rifles and guns, and ammunition for all but the most sophisticated part of its arsenal. During the Kargil crisis, which saw the extensive use of artillery, there was a frantic search for such high-end precision ammunition as well as for high-altitude clothing and even coffins. Under license from the Soviet Union, India has assembled tanks and aircraft. 3 The billions of dollars of investment in weapons research and development has not produced anything significant enough to become a game-changer in India’s security landscape.