By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Earth Sciences and Resources, Sammantha L. Magsino
Social community research (SNA) is the identity of the relationships and attributes of individuals, key actors, and teams that social networks include. The nationwide examine Council, on the request of the dept of place of birth safeguard, held a two-day workshop at the use of SNA for the aim of establishing neighborhood catastrophe resilience. The workshop, summarized during this quantity, used to be designed to supply counsel to the DHS on a possible learn schedule that might elevate the effectiveness of SNA for making improvements to group catastrophe resilience. The workshop explored the state-of-the-art in SNA and its purposes within the id, building, and strengthening of networks inside U.S. groups. Workshop members mentioned present paintings in SNA concerned with characterizing networks; the theories, rules and study acceptable to the layout or strengthening of networks; the gaps in wisdom that hinder the appliance of SNA to the development of networks; and examine components which can fill these gaps. components of a examine schedule to help the layout, improvement, and implementation of social networks for the explicit goal of strengthening neighborhood resilience opposed to traditional and human-made failures have been mentioned.
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Additional info for Applications of Social Network Analysis for Building Community Disaster Resilience: Workshop Summary
Participants indicated the importance of basic research on concepts related to trust and online networks. Community members have different levels of trust in data sources and in the digital networking tools through which data are transmitted. For example, many individuals may be distrustful of information coming from community leaders or from networking sites community leaders support. Understanding issues of trust can help practitioners more effectively use social networks to convey their messages.
Community competence is dependent on actions of the community, community problem-solving skills, flexibility, creativity, mutual trust in the effectiveness of people working together, and the belief that the community is empowered to control resources; and Information and communication, including competent communication skills and infrastructure, and trusted, responsible, and relevant sources of information. Balanced levels of social capital, community competence, and ability to access and communicate information build resilience by enabling those qualities that help a community function as a community in the face of adversity.
Sixty-two percent of all Americans have experience accessing wireless digital data and tools (Horrigan, 2008). Emergency managers who do not use these tools to reach their communities, build networks, and improve communication risk the possible detriment of their communities. Twitter allows members to distribute text messages, called “tweets,” of up to 140character with their cell phones to geographically-, group-, or friend-based networks. According to the website TechCrunch,5 information regarding the 2008 terrorist attacks in Mumbai was shared worldwide in quasi-real-time using Twitter—faster than news agencies such as CNN reported the events.