Download A Pluralistic Universe (Classic Reprint) by William James PDF

By William James

As those lectures are supposed to be public, and so few, i've got assumed all very certain difficulties to be excluded, and a few subject of normal curiosity required. thankfully, our age appears turning out to be philosophical back - nonetheless within the ashes dwell the wonted fires. Oxford, lengthy the seed-bed, for the english international, of the idealism encouraged via Kant and Hegel, has lately turn into the nursery of a truly diversified state of mind. Even non-philosophers have started to take an curiosity in an issue over what's referred to as pluralism or humanism. It appears to be like a bit as though the traditional english empiricism, see you later placed out of style right here through nobler sounding germanic formulation, should be re-pluming itself and preparing for a much better flight than ever. It looks like foundations have been being sounded and tested afresh.
Individuality outruns all type, but we insist on classifying each we meet

Table of Contents

The forms of Philosophic considering 1; Our age is turning out to be philosophical back, three swap of tone because 1860, four Empiricism and Rationalism outlined, 7 the method of Philosophizing: Philosophers decide on a few a part of the area to interpret the entire by means of, eight They search to make it appear much less unusual, eleven Their temperamental alterations, 12 Their structures needs to be reasoned out, 18 Their tendency to over-technicality, 15 far more than this in Germany, 17 the kind of imaginative and prescient is the key in a thinker, 20 Primitive inspiration, 21 Spiritualism and Materialism : Spiritualism indicates forms, 23 Theism and Pantheism, 24 Theism makes a duality of guy and God, and leaves guy an intruder, 25 Pantheism identifies guy with God, 29 The modern tendency is in the direction of Pantheism, 30 Legitimacy of our call for to be crucial within the Universe, 33 Pluralism as opposed to Monism: The 'each-form' and the 'all-form' of representing the realm

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Example text

It is not as if the world came to know itself, or God came to know himself, partly through us, as pantheistic idealists have maintained. but truth exists per se and absolutely, by God's grace and decree, no matter who of us knows it or is ignorant, and it would continue to exist unaltered, even though we finite knowers were all annihilated. It has to be confessed that this dualism and lack of intimacy has always operated as a drag and handicap on christian thought. Orthodox theology has had to wage a steady fight within the schools against the various forms of pan­ theistic heresy which the mystical experiences of religious persons, on the one hand, and the formal or resthetic superiorities of monism to dualism, on the other, kept producing.

MONISTIC IDEALISM of the world-drama. In your own eyes each of you here is its hero. and the villains arc your respective friends or enemies. The tale which the absolute reader finds so perfect. we spoil for one another through our several vital identifications with the destinies of the par­ ticular personages involved. The doctrine on which the absolutists lay most stress is the absolute's . timeless ' char­ acter. 1·'or pluralists, on the other hand. time remains as real as anything, and nothing in the universe is great or static or eternal enough not to have some history.

MON ISTIC IDE ALISM the present time : ' For many years adherents of this way of thought have deeply interested the british public by their writings. Almost more important than their writings is the fact that they have occupied philosophical chairs in almost every university in the kingdom. Even the professional critics of idealism are for the most part idealists - after a fashion. And when they are not. they arc as a rule more occupied with the refutation of idealism than with the construction of a better theory.

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