By Lecturer in Hebrew and Aramaic at the Faculty of Oriental Studies Geoffrey Khan
Being direct descendants of the Aramaic spoken by way of the Jews in antiquity, the nonetheless spoken Jewish Neo-Aramaic dialects of Kurdistan deserve certain and bright curiosity. Geoffrey Khan's A Grammar of Neo-Aramaic is a special checklist of 1 of those dialects, now at the verge of extinction. This quantity, the results of huge fieldwork, incorporates a description of the dialect spoken by way of the Jews from the sector of Arbel (Iraqi Kurdistan), including a transcription of recorded texts and a word list. The grammar includes sections on phonology, morphology and syntax, preceded by way of an introductory bankruptcy interpreting the location of this dialect on the subject of the opposite recognized Neo-Aramaic dialects. The transcribed texts list folktales and debts of customs, traditions and stories of the Jews of Kurdistan.
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Extra info for A Grammar of Neo-Aramaic. The dialect of the Jews of Arbel
Arabic influence on the Arbel Neo-Aramaic dialect is seen mainly in borrowed lexical items, including nouns, adjectives, verbs and particles. Many words of Arabic origin, however, have entered the Aramaie dialect through are of Kurdish or common Kurdish and Turkish origin. The proportians of Kurdish loanwords in these categories in Jewish Arbel are similar. 1). , where Arabic was the main vernacular of the Jews. Arabic seems to have influenced the Aramaie dialect to a far lesser extent than Kurdish.
G. J:talil 'he profanes' : xalil 'he washes'. g. la-J:taqen [lrerre·qe·n] 'I am talking' (L:261). 3. 1. 1. *b The reflex of the soft allophone of *bin earlier Aramaie is the semi-vowel Iw/. g. g. Jii (cf. BTA N~71]) < *J:talal1ii (cf. Heb. ~) < *didllii (cf. / and keeping the two vowels clearly separated. We may compare the strengthening of etymological *h to 1;, which is found in the 3rd person pronominal suffixes of some Christian NENA dialects (-el; m. and -al; f. <*-eh and *-ah). This is, apparently, a means of preventing the elision of the final consonant (cf.
Patlx [p're'ln] 'he opens', pllxle ['pli ·xle] 'he opened', Spira [Jpi:rre] 'good'. g. kipni [k'g(j>'ni:] 'my hunger' (S:116). g. afillu 'even' (Hebrew). In final position it is sometimes pronounced voiced when in contact with a voiced consonant: kef gollwa [k'e:v go:'li:wa] 'they had a good time' (Y:3), zarlt zar'if [zreri:v zreri:f] 'very well' (B:112). It has a phonemic status independent of lp/, as demonstrated by minimal pairs such as: kefox 'your pleasure' : kepox 'your stone'. Iw/ In most contexts this is a labio-velar [ w].