Browse Category by Nuclear
Nuclear

Deterrence and the New Global Security Environment

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Indeed, by 1965, China did have its own weapon. Fission bombs derive their power from nuclear fission, where heavy nuclei ( uranium or plutonium ) split into lighter elements when bombarded by neutrons (produce more neutrons which bombard other nuclei, triggering a chain reaction). In the middle-right is what appears to be a sophisticated “sweet spot,” the place where all US weapons currently in the stockpile end up, in the 0.1-3 kt/kg range, especially the 2-3 kt/kg range: These are the bombs like the W-76 or the B-61 — bombs with “medium” yield warheads (100s rather than 1,000s of kilotons) in relatively low weight packages (100s rather than 1000s of kilograms).

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Nuclear

Conventional Prompt Global Strike and Long-Range Ballistic

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The purpose of this section is to suggest some broad options that can be used as starting points for more detailed treatment. Note that the most severe predictions concerning nuclear winter have now been evaluated and discounted by most of the scientific community. A flurry of arms control agreements followed. Centrifuge separation works by passing uranium molecules in gaseous form (UF6) through high-speed rotational machines called centrifuges. That was the message Wednesday night from a panel of experts — former national weapons laboratories directors — each with more than four decades of experience and knowledge that has helped shape the nation’s nuclear security posture.

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Nuclear

With Courage: The U.S. Army Air Forces in World War II -

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The law states that human subjects must give informed consent. See atomic bomb; cold war; disarmament, nuclear; guided missile; hydrogen bomb; nuclear energy; nuclear physics. Air Force deals with boredom, poor morale, drug use, and cheating on certification exams by their personnel entrusted with control of nuclear missiles, we have a solution that will save money as well as make the world a much safer place - get rid of most of our nuclear weapons immediately.

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Nuclear

Survival in a Nuclear Attack

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In essence, if your initial relative velocity vis a vis your stationary target (and to all missiles, all targets are stationary...) means that you really cannot afford to let your ship impart much momentum at all to your shells — otherwise, your ship is going to cruise into mutual annihilation distance. S. �SAC listed four missile types for delivering nuclear warheads: the Snark, the Rascal, the Cross Bow, and IRBM [Intermediate Range Ballistic Missile].� The Snark, an early intercontinental ground-launched cruise missile, was only briefly deployed, during 1959, because it was a fiasco (areas in the Atlantic Oceans where the missiles crashed were called �Snark infested waters�).� The Rascal (replaced by the Hound Dog in 1958) and Cross Bow were both bomber-launched missiles, with the Crossbow targeting radars.

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Nuclear

Victim as Hero: Ideologies of Peace and National Identity in

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Germany, Taiwan, South-Korea, Japan, British and Italy must protect Germany, Taiwan, South-Korea, Japan, British and Italy by themselves! It need not be if the conditions of competition make deterrent logic dominant.� Deterrent logic dominates if the conditions of competition make it nearly impossible for any of the competing parties to achieve a first-strike capability. Let us hope not: The anti-proliferation sanctions imposed on Iraq in the 1990s probably led to more deaths than the bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and the same can be said for the ongoing war in Iraq, sold as an effort to root out Saddam Hussein’s nukes.

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Nuclear

Building the bombs: A history of the nuclear weapons complex

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Nuclear weapons are one component of an integrated defense strategy that includes diplomacy and conventional forces. The truth of peace require that all-whether those governments which openly or secretly possess nuclear arms, or those planning to acquire them- agree to change their course by clear and firm decision and strive for a progressive and concerted nuclear disarmament. Again and again we have been reassured that the public health effects of industrially-generated radioactivity are negligible no matter what the source.

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Nuclear

Nuclear Fallout from the Nevada Test Site 1951-1970 in New

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For example, many people in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, cities in Japan destroyed by American nuclear weapons, later developed terrible problems. This fear is a classic example of a phobia being passed from one generation to the next. But it will also result in a more capable and potentially usable weapon. [77] The Obama administration’s proposal to “modernise to downsize” these weapons will see the creation of a single new B61 variant — the B61-12.

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Nuclear

Family Gram: Memoirs of an American Cold War Submariner

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On the other hand, the raised stakes (i.e. that homeland security can be easily threatened if a credible threat is not made) might make the costs of containment more justifiable. In the event that a US first strike would overwhelm the early warning capabilities and "decapitate" Russian leadership (as shown by ground-based nuclear detonation detectors and loss of communications), this system would automatically send up an ICBM with communications transceivers housed in the nose cone.

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Nuclear

Dark Sun: The Making of the Hydrogen Bomb

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That is incorrect; New START will be fully implemented. He has his own ideas, contrary to the current scientific orthodoxy, about the evolution of the ozone layer in the history of the earth, and the evolution of life under it. All of the present nuclear countries went through both stages, yet until Israel struck Iraq�s nuclear facility in June of 1981 no one had launched a preventive strike. If the material is ^°Co this activity corresponds to ~90g of pure ^°Co. Even under the OMV regime, Iraq's illicit acquisition of plutonium or highly enriched uranium (HEU) from the former Soviet Union would be very difficult to detect.

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Nuclear

Operation Vulture

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Phosgene was responsible for most of the about 100,000 gas-caused deaths during the war ,^ T" m ■. ' J ^ 1 1 ■-* -'' ''■■ ?3^(^?%^il xA'jmrm^-^^v^:^ L. Weapons which have a fusion stage are also referred to as hydrogen bombs or H-bombs because of their primary fuel, or thermonuclear weapons because fusion reactions require extremely high temperatures for a chain reaction to occur. Countries more readily run the risks of war when defeat, if it comes, is distant and is expected to bring only limited damage.

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